Climate change

AMBIO addresses in one of its lines of action, a topic of great importance at the global level, such as mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

The implemented initiatives seek to sensitize the population   in general about the implications of the issue and to design in a participative way research or projects that help to face this problem in the southeast of Mexico.

There are different ways to mitigate climate change, one of the strategies that provides a direct impact is through the sustainable management of forests and jungles, which in Mexico, belong mostly to rural communities.

 

 

 

Another way is the recovery of agricultural areas through the establishment of agroforestry systems (SAFs) that allow the recovery of tree strata in combination with agricultural activities.

The longest-lived international project in this line of action is the Scolel'te Program with the capture of carbon through the Payment for Environmental Services.

The communities framed in this Program are committed to conserving and restoring forests or forests through the Payment for Environmental Services (PSA). The design from the localities, with the participation and involvement of the producers and their families, are the basis for the development of the projects.

We work with the following agroforestry systems:

1.- Improved Acahual: It is a secondary vegetation recovery system (acahual)   for the production of wood, firewood and other products for commercialization. It has technical specifications for tropical climates and temperate climates.

2.- Living fence: It consists of sowing timber trees of commercial value for local use around paddocks and milpas. It has technical specifications for tropical climates and temperate climates.

3.- Restoration: Management of degraded forests, which resulted from different types of disturbances. It seeks to increase the number of trees that favor natural regeneration.

4.-Taungya: It is a mixed system (productive systems with timber species)   that allows during the first years of its establishment to continue using different types of crops that generate additional income to the participants

5.- Improved coffee plantation: The shade of the planted timber trees   is combined   with the planting of coffee plantations, for the production of coffee as the main crop.

It also works with avoided deforestation, through Community Forest Management. This focuses on the management and conservation of community forest areas to reduce forest loss due to anthropogenic activities or natural disasters.

 

With With the design of the Living Plans  and the monitoring reported to the Plan Vivo Foundation, all the work carried out in the plots of the participants, enter into the scheme of Sale of Carbon Bonds in the Voluntary Market at a national and international level.

The proceeds from the sale of the Carbon Bonds are delivered to the participants directly, in the form of Payment for Environmental Services (PSA). This remuneration is administered locally by the participants themselves.

These works have contributed to the increase, conservation and management of forest cover in the Northern, Selva, Meseta Central, Sierra Madre and Central Depression regions of Chiapas. In the same way, work is being carried out in areas surrounding the Protected Natural Areas (ANP's):

 

-The Ocote Biosphere Reserve (REBISO)

- La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve (REBISE)

- Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve (REBIMA)

- El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve (REBITRI)

- Area of ​​Protection of Natural Resources (APRN) "La

Frailescana "," Na-Ha "," Metzabok "and" Villa Allende "

- National Park (PN) Cañón del Sumidero, Lagos de Montebello

- State reserves "La Pera", "Meyapac"

- State reserves "La Pera", "Meyapac"

  • Agroforestry demonstration plots have been created to develop training strategies.
  • It has managed to conserve 5512 hectares of tropical forests
  • 453.54 hectares of temperate forest and 1800 hectares of mesophyll mountain forest have been conserved and managed
  • There are 90 organized work groups
  • Manuals for carbon monitoring, agroforestry systems, thinnings and ecological stoves have been prepared)
  • Active participation in 4 Advisory Councils of Natural Protected Areas (ANP's)
  • Participated in the Technical Advisory Committee of the REDD + Strategy in Chiapas and at the National Level
  • Participated in the elaboration of the Mexican Standard for the Registration of Forest Carbon Projects and Certification of the Increase in the Carbon Pool (NMX-AA-173-SCFI-2015)

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