During the month of August, the latest Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a global body authorized to research the climate science and supported by 195 governments worldwide. This Report indicates, with a high level of certainty, that greenhouse gas emissions from human activities (anthropogenic emissions) are responsible for global warming by 1.1 ° celsius from the period 1850-1900, until the present day.
It points out that a substantial and sustained reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas emissions would limit climate change. However, to be able to confirm this, it could take between 20 and 30 years for global temperatures to stabilize.
To achieve this goal, it would be necessary stop global temperature rise by 1.5 degrees Celsius at most. The reduction of emissions must take place immediately and with a large-scale response, to avoid reaching 2 degrees Celsius or more of global warming, which would mean irreversible changes in the climate.
The Report highlights the importance of carbon sinks (forests and oceans that transform carbon dioxide into oxygen), for global food security, the supply of water for countries and the conservation of biodiversity. These carbon sinks are constantly threatened by the impacts of climate change and could face irreversible losses.
Achieving net zero emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases globally has become a requirement for stabilize the impacts caused by anthropogenic emissions. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to make changes in the patterns of production, marketing and consumption of goods or services, with a focus on sustainability.
Carbon markets give cost-effective mitigation opportunities for countries, which can provide financing mechanisms that incentivize the compliance with Nationally Determined Contributions NDC's (Paris Agreement), containment measures for countries to face the impacts of climate change.
From AMBIO, we have recognized for 23 years the importance of creating mitigation and adaptation strategies to address the impacts generated by climate change. We collaborate with rural forest and non-forest communities, in climate strategies, designed under an approach based on their needs and contexts.
The Scolel´te Program has created a platform for rural communities with natural resources to participate in the Voluntary Carbon Market, resulting in the financing of forest conservation and restoration activities, which have an urgent need for long-term protection and management.