Smallholders of six ejidos located in the Natural Protection Area La Frailescana (Municipality of Villacorzo) began activities with the support of the AMBIO Cooperative, for the conversion of degraded agricultural areas. These areas will be converted into multipurpose coffee plantations, with the aim of presenting a sustainable productive alternative in the area. Currently, 46 producers of these Ejidos participate in the carbon capture payments scheme of the Scolel'te Program.
Part of the accompaniment work in these ejidos, was the support provided by an intership student of the Bachelor of Agroforestry Systems of the Universidad Autónoma Chapingo (April, 2018), who conducted a training workshop on the process of production and management of the coffee plantations.
During the workshop, a tour to the plots in the process of reconversion was made, where it was observed that some coffee plants were resenting the lack of shade. The coffee needs for its development at least a 40% of shade, so during the workshop the need for fast growing plants was identified for a temporary shade that will help the growth and production of coffee plantations.
According to the "Monitor of drought" Mexico, in Chiapas has presented since March 2016, fifteen continuous months of drought. It is necessary in the short and medium term, to promote the management of temporary shade species, identify local practices and techniques to improve the retention of soil moisture, as well as the improvement of fertility, which help to reduce damage to agroforestry systems and their associated activities, such as the planting of corn and beans.
In order to respond to this need, the smallholders (and their families) of the Ejidos La Bonanza and Reforma Agraria, decided to establish individual and community nurseries in their plots, applying part of their carbon payment for the establishment of nurseries. They have the support of the Scolel'te community technicians, as well as the advice of the regional technician.
Currently, 6,350 plants are in production. The species that are being managed are mainly legumes such as cocoite (Gliricida sepium) and timber species such as cedar(Cedrela odorata) and maculis (tabebuia rosea).