In Mexico, 6 out of every 10 inhabitants are in a situation of food insecurity, and in Chiapas, that proportion is even more pronounced, since it increases from 8 to 9 inhabitants. In rural areas, more than 40% of the population of Mexico is degrees of moderate and severe food insecurity, which is an indication of the degree of vulnerability in which they find themselves (Martínez, 2015).
To address this problem, the AMBIO Cooperative and the Food Security Project for Rural Areas (PSAZR, formerly PESA), have added more than two years of work in the implementation of joint actions for food security, within 25 localities with indexes of Very High Marginalization in the Municipality of La Concordia, Chiapas.
The PSAZR works in Chiapas through an Operative Group formed by the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries (SAGARPA); the Secretariat of the Agriculture(SECAM) and the National Technical Unit coordinated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
La Concordia is a municipality characterized by the cultivation of corn, beans and coffee, as well as being a cattle producing area. However, a large part of the communities, have very high degrees of marginalization, with consequences, such as: malnutrition, low productivity and lack of economic options.
AMBIO, through the joint work with the Food Security Project for Rural Areas (PSAZR), initiated processes designed in the medium term, which primarily seek to achieve two objectives: to strengthen the food security of the participating communities and generate minimum conditions for development sustainable. The experiences obtained in the implementation are of great value for replication in other work areas.
To adress these objectives, during the period 2016-2017, the following activities were carried out: 852 families were attended with birds production infrastructure, 180 families participated in the production of vegetables, 161 families with silage and 142 families participated in fruit production for sale. For the 2017-2018 cycle: support was provided to 268 corn producers with improved seed, 106 families with vegetable modules, 65 coffee producers with renewals, 35 families with the production of fruit plants and 17 families in the basic silage.
One of the achievements of this joint work is that the community of Nueva Sonora was selected by SAGARPA and FAO, at a national level, as a successful project.