News

29
June

Work in the preservation of tropical forests.

During the month of June the "International Day for the Preservation of Tropical Forests" was celebrated, in recognition of the biodiversity they harbor and the environmental services they provide. It was decreed (1999) by the United Nations with the objective of promoting sustainable actions for their preservation.

The AMBIO Cooperative has developed various actions for the conservation of tropical forests in Chiapas. An important ally in the various activities developed by the Cooperative has been the National Forestry Commission of Mexico (CONAFOR). This governmental body is in charge of developing, favoring and promoting the productive, conservation and restoration activities in forestry in Mexico.

CONAFOR has contributed with AMBIO (every year) with the donation of plants for the reforestation work in the different work zones. The type of species that they have donated, were tropical and coniferous forest species, adding in the last two years an approximate of 40,000 plants.

Likewise, the AMBIO Cooperative collaborates with this government agency in the implementation of the Payments for Environmental Services Program for carbon capture, hydrological and biodiversity services (PSA / CONAFOR) in the ejidos La Corona, Reforma Agraria and Nuevo San Isidro. These are located on the border between Mexico and Guatemala, in the Marqués de Comillas Region, Chiapas. This region is of great importance in terms of biodiversity, since it is a border area with the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve, protected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

 

The Marqués de Comillas region has forest areas (high forest, medium forest, flood forest and other ecosystems) that are threatened by deforestation for conversion in livestock areas, oil palm plantations. It is an area of ​​high risk of forest fires, which endanger the ecosystems with endemic species of the region and of global importance.

The ejidos that are in this program and that have received the advice of AMBIO during the last 17 years, conserve 3,700 hectares of high and medium perennifolia forest. It has benefited 156 ejidatarios who own the forest lands, whose indirect benefit amounts to 740 people (families), and most of them are indigenous (75%). 

It should be noted that part of the success in the conservation and permanence of these areas, is its comprehensive management, which considers actions of protection against forest fires, productive diversification (production of honey), improvement of community infrastructure, support with resources for the management of the authorities and the management of mitigation actions, such as the management of live fences and patches of natural regeneration in paddocks. The latter may have a high management potential.

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