October marks the celebration of the "World Food Day", promoted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), with the aim of raising awareness about the problem of world food and strengthening solidarity in the fight against hunger, malnutrition and poverty.
This celebration has gained special relevance, derived from the fact that we are in a scenario of food shortages as a result of the COVID19 pandemic. Shortages have exacerbated global poverty gaps, as well as, the lack of secure access to quality food.
Agroforestry systems represent a sustainable response to global food insecurity and an effective mechanism to address the effects of climate change, therefore, a relevant alternative for food production in the present and in the future. These systems are a set of technologies for managing soil, water, nutrients, agricultural and forest crops, which can reduce risks and vulnerabilities in rural families, since they ensure the sustainable production of high quality food.
From AMBIO´s experience of work with the use of 6 agroforestry systems in the field work, it has been possible to confirm the benefits that these productive systems provide to families in rural areas, especially to children, since they help to avoid the obesity and other chronic degenerative diseases, by having diverse food sources.
The implementation of fruit trees, palms, grains and basic crops, such as corn, beans, backyard vegetables, with the use of agroecological practices and promoting the use of local inputs, contributes to promoting the sovereignty and food self-sufficiency for small-scale farmers, who have found in agroforestry systems a sustainable production alternative, according to their needs.
It is of special relevance to generate sustainable actions for food production, as well as to reduce waste, which allows achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 2, oriented towards Zero Hunger.