Climate change and the impacts generated by humans on nature have caused serious repercussions on the health of the Earth. The loss of biodiversity, deforestation, changes in land use, excessive agro-industrial production, illegal wildlife trade, among other activities, have rapidly deteriorated the health of our planet.
The General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) declared in April the celebration of the International Day of the Mother Earth, with the aim of raising awareness about the importance of taking measures to protect the health of the planet. This celebration has been framed within the work of the The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, where it is recognized that restoring ecosystems contributes to combating climate change, avoiding the massive loss of species, as well as reducing the climate vulnerability of populations living under poverty.
Forest restoration is an intervention that through different tools, achieves the reestablishment of the structure, productivity and diversity of the species originally present in a forest. Over time, ecological processes and functions will match those of the original forest. There are several strategies to achieve the restoration of an ecosystem, one of them is the vegetal cover or revegetation.
The Scolel'te Program has promoted the restoration of ecosystems through the implementation of the "Restoration and Natural Regeneration" system, with the next main characteristics: the exclusion of livestock in forest areas, fire prevention such as fire breaks, activities to promote natural regeneration (soil removal, prescribed burning), management of existing regeneration, among other activities.
The system has been used since 2002 and currently has more than 500 hectares under restoration, supporting more than 400 families distributed in 17 communities in the state of Chiapas. It is a system that is committed to the establishment of new trees with seeds from the same nearby trees, which has generated very good results and aceptance among the participants.
With the use of suitable species, the recovery of flora and fauna is allowed according to the restored ecosystem, coupled with the fact that a good management plan allows the owners of these lands to plant species of high commercial value that can be used for sale, construction, coal, among other uses.